How to format your references using the Épidémiologie et Santé Animale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. - Space researchers protest at “disruptive” export controls. Nature, 2000, 404 (6776), 321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doyle J., Csete M. - Rules of engagement. Nature, 2007, 446 (7138), 860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaul M., Garden G.A., Lipton S.A. - Pathways to neuronal injury and apoptosis in HIV-associated dementia. Nature, 2001, 410 (6831), 988–994.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Sakuta H., Suzuki R., Takahashi H., Kato A., Shintani T., Iemura Si, Yamamoto T.S., Ueno N., Noda M. - Ventroptin: a BMP-4 antagonist expressed in a double-gradient pattern in the retina. Science, 2001, 293 (5527), 111–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anstädt T., Keller I., Lutz H. - Intelligente Videoanalyse. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
Bafna V., Sahinalp S.C., eds. - Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 15th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2011, Vancouver, BC, Canada, March 28-31, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Buades J.M., González-Hidalgo M., Perales F.J., Ramis-Guarinos S., Oliver A., Montiel E. - A Fast Geometric Deformation Method to Adapt a Foot to a Platform. In : Deformation Models: Tracking, Animation and Applications. Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics, eds. Manuel González Hidalgo, Arnau Mir Torres, et Javier Varona Gómez. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013, 121–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. - Stunning New Photos Of Antares Rocket Explosion Released By NASA. IFLScience, 2015,. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office - Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Many Federal Programs Fund Transportation Services, but Obstacles to Coordination Persist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Catalini M. - Intrinsic rewards increase job performance within an organization. 2012,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. - Passengers Granted Same Right as Drivers. New York Times, 2007, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleÉpidémiologie et Santé Animale
ISSN (print)0754-2186

Other styles