Journal abbreviation: Special educational needs abstracts

The abbreviation of the journal title "Special educational needs abstracts" is "Spec. Educ. Needs Abstr.". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

Abbreviation rules

The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.

SpecialSpec.matches the word "special"
educationalEduc.matches the stem "educa-"
needsNeedsNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
abstractsAbstr.matches the stem "abstract-"

Abbreviation systems

The International Organization for Standardization has developed the ISO 4 abbreviation system as a means of creating uniform abbreviations for journal titles. This allows researchers and academics to easily recognize and refer to journals in a consistent manner.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization), NLM (National Library of Medicine), and CASSI (CAS Source Index) represent three distinct journal title abbreviation systems, with ISO being universal, NLM specific to biomedical fields, and CASSI focusing on chemistry-related subjects.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpecial educational needs abstracts
AbbreviationSpec. Educ. Needs Abstr.
ISSN (print)0954-0822
ISSN (online)1467-5889
NLM catalogNA

Other journal abbreviations