Journal abbreviation: Lower urinary tract symptoms

The abbreviation of the journal title "Lower urinary tract symptoms" is "Low. Urin. Tract Symptoms". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

Abbreviation rules

The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.

LowerLow.matches the stem "lower-"
urinaryUrin.matches the stem "urin-"
tractTractNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
symptomsSymptomsNo abbreviation listed in TWA.

Abbreviation systems

An ISO 4 abbreviation refers to a standardized method for abbreviating journal titles as defined by the International Organization for Standardization. This system ensures consistency and easy identification of journal titles across various databases and citation formats.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization), NLM (National Library of Medicine), and CASSI (CAS Source Index) represent three distinct journal title abbreviation systems, with ISO being universal, NLM specific to biomedical fields, and CASSI focusing on chemistry-related subjects.

About the journal

Full journal titleLower urinary tract symptoms
AbbreviationLow. Urin. Tract Symptoms
ISSN (print)1757-5664
ISSN (online)1757-5672
NLM catalog101506777

Other journal abbreviations