Journal abbreviation: Lower urinary tract symptoms
The abbreviation of the journal title "Lower urinary tract symptoms" is "Low. Urin. Tract Symptoms". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.
The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.
|Lower||Low.||matches the stem "lower-"|
|urinary||Urin.||matches the stem "urin-"|
|tract||Tract||No abbreviation listed in TWA.|
|symptoms||Symptoms||No abbreviation listed in TWA.|
The abbreviation system known as ISO 4 is a standardized approach by the International Organization for Standardization for shortening journal titles. This uniform method ensures that journal titles are both consistent and easily recognizable in scholarly communication.
ISO, standing for International Organization for Standardization, is a universal abbreviation system for journal titles across disciplines. NLM, or National Library of Medicine, is specific to biomedical sciences, and CASSI, the CAS Source Index, caters to chemistry-related disciplines.
About the journal
|Full journal title||Lower urinary tract symptoms|
|Abbreviation||Low. Urin. Tract Symptoms|