Journal abbreviation: Left business observer

The abbreviation of the journal title "Left business observer" is "Left Bus. Obs.". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

Abbreviation rules

The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.

TitleAbbreviationWord/Stem/Rule
LeftLeftNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
businessBus.matches the word "business"
observerObs.matches the stem "observ-"

About the journal

Full journal titleLeft business observer
AbbreviationLeft Bus. Obs.
ISSN (print)1042-0134

Other journal abbreviations