Journal abbreviation: Internationale spectator

The abbreviation of the journal title "Internationale spectator" is "Int. Spect.". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

Abbreviation rules

The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.

InternationaleInt.matches the stem "internation-"
spectatorSpect.matches the word "spectator"

Abbreviation systems

The International Organization for Standardization has developed the ISO 4 abbreviation system as a means of creating uniform abbreviations for journal titles. This allows researchers and academics to easily recognize and refer to journals in a consistent manner.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization), NLM (National Library of Medicine), and CASSI (CAS Source Index) represent three distinct journal title abbreviation systems, with ISO being universal, NLM specific to biomedical fields, and CASSI focusing on chemistry-related subjects.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternationale spectator
AbbreviationInt. Spect.
ISSN (print)0020-9317
ISSN (online)2405-8319
NLM catalog101085795

Other journal abbreviations