Journal abbreviation: Carolina fire rescue EMS journal

The abbreviation of the journal title "Carolina fire rescue EMS journal" is "Carol. Fire Rescue EMS J.". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

Abbreviation rules

The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.

CarolinaCarol.matches the stem "Carolina-"
fireFireNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
rescueRescueNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
EMSEMSRule 4.4: Acronyms shall be retained in the abbreviated title.
journalJ.matches the word "journal"

Abbreviation systems

In academic research, the ISO 4 abbreviation is a standardized system devised by the International Organization for Standardization for the purpose of abbreviating journal titles consistently. This facilitates ease of reference and improved communication within the research community.

Journal title abbreviations come in three primary forms: ISO (International Organization for Standardization) for general disciplines, NLM (National Library of Medicine) for biomedical and life sciences, and CASSI (CAS Source Index) for chemistry and associated fields.

About the journal

Full journal titleCarolina fire rescue EMS journal
AbbreviationCarol. Fire Rescue EMS J.
ISSN (print)1552-552X
ISSN (online)NA
NLM catalog101684915

Other journal abbreviations