Journal abbreviation: American pharmaceutical outsourcing
The abbreviation of the journal title "American pharmaceutical outsourcing" is "Am. Pharm. Outsourcing". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.
The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.
|American||Am.||matches the stem "america-"|
|pharmaceutical||Pharm.||matches the stem "pharmaceut-"|
|outsourcing||Outsourcing||No abbreviation listed in TWA.|
In academic research, the ISO 4 abbreviation is a standardized system devised by the International Organization for Standardization for the purpose of abbreviating journal titles consistently. This facilitates ease of reference and improved communication within the research community.
ISO, standing for International Organization for Standardization, is a universal abbreviation system for journal titles across disciplines. NLM, or National Library of Medicine, is specific to biomedical sciences, and CASSI, the CAS Source Index, caters to chemistry-related disciplines.
About the journal
|Full journal title||American pharmaceutical outsourcing|
|Abbreviation||Am. Pharm. Outsourcing|