Types of research papers
There are multiple different types of research papers. It is important to know which type of research paper is required for your assignment, as each type of research paper requires a different preparation. Below is a list of the most common types of research papers:
Analytical Research Paper
In an analytical research paper you pose a question and then collect relevant data from other researchers to analyze their different viewpoints. You focus on the findings and conclusions of other researchers and then make a personal conclusion about the topic. It is important to stay neutral and not show your own negative or positive position on the matter.
Argumentative (Persuasive) Research Paper
The argumentative paper presents two sides of a controversial issue in one paper. It is aimed at getting the reader on the side of your point of view. You should include and cite findings and arguments of different researchers on both sides of the issue, but then favor one side over the other and try to persuade the reader of your side. Your arguments should not be too emotional though, they still need to be supported with logical facts and statistical data.
The definition paper solely describes facts or objective arguments without using any personal emotion or opinion of the author. Its only purpose is to provide information. You should include facts from a variety of sources, but leave those facts unanalyzed.
Compare and Contrast Paper
Compare and contrast papers are used to analyze the difference between two viewpoints, authors, subjects or stories. Make sure to sufficiently describe both sides in the paper, and then move on to comparing and contrasting both thesis and supporting one.
Cause and Effect Paper
Cause and effect papers are usually the first types of research papers that high school and college students are confronted with. They trace probable or expected results from a specific action and answer the main questions "Why?" and "What?", which reflect effects and causes. In business and education fields, cause and effect papers will help trace a range of results that could arise from a particular action or situation.
An interpretative paper requires you to use knowledge that you have gained from a particular case study, for example a legal situation in law studies. You need to write the paper based on an established theoretical framework and use valid supporting data to back up your statement and conclusion.
Experimental Research Paper
This type of research paper basically describes a particular experiment in detail. It is common in fields like biology, chemistry or physics. Experiments are aimed to explain a certain outcome or phenomenon with certain actions. You need to describe your experiment with supporting data and then analyze it sufficiently.
Survey Research Paper
This research paper demands the conduction of a survey that includes asking questions to respondents. The conductor of the survey then collects all the information from the survey and analyzes it to present it in the research paper.